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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 161-163


Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students

Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Ali Hashim, Iqra Pervaiz, Muhammad Imran Khan.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of usage of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students and its relationship with sleep disturbances.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted over 3 months and included 100 orthodontic students. Data was collected utilizing a self-administered questionnaire and then analyzed on SPSS version 21.
Results: Out of 100 students, 20 (20%) were using caffeinated drinks. Out of 20 students, 40% had no difficulty in falling asleep and 60% had difficulty in sleeping. Mean sleep duration per day during week days was 7.18 hours and at weekends was 9.18 hours. Final year was having highest percentage of caffeinated drink consumer i.e. 80%. Among users, 70% of males and 30% of females took caffeinated drinks.
Conclusion: Consumption of caffeinated drinks was low (20%) among orthodontic students. There was no relationship between caffeinated beverages consumption and sleep disturbances.

Key words: Caffeinated drinks, caffeine, dental students.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Azeem M, Hashim MA, Pervaiz I, Khan MI. Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 161-163.


Web Style

Azeem M, Hashim MA, Pervaiz I, Khan MI. Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=274187 [Access: February 21, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Azeem M, Hashim MA, Pervaiz I, Khan MI. Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 161-163.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Azeem M, Hashim MA, Pervaiz I, Khan MI. Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. RMJ. (2018), [cited February 21, 2018]; 43(1): 161-163.



Harvard Style

Azeem, M., Hashim, M. A., Pervaiz, I. & Khan, M. I. (2018) Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. RMJ, 43 (1), 161-163.



Turabian Style

Azeem, Muhammad, Muhammad Ali Hashim, Iqra Pervaiz, and Muhammad Imran Khan. 2018. Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 161-163.



Chicago Style

Azeem, Muhammad, Muhammad Ali Hashim, Iqra Pervaiz, and Muhammad Imran Khan. "Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 161-163.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Azeem, Muhammad, Muhammad Ali Hashim, Iqra Pervaiz, and Muhammad Imran Khan. "Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 161-163. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Azeem, M., Hashim, M. A., Pervaiz, I. & Khan, M. I. (2018) Consumption of caffeinated beverages among orthodontic students. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 161-163.




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