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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 280-284


Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients

Rahat Akhtar, Mustafa Awais, Momina Awais, Aamir Furqan.

Abstract
Objective: To compare the efficacy of nifedipine with nitroglycerine when used in preterm labor or pregnancy prolongation.
Methodology: This randomized control trial was conducted in the department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan from August 2016 to January 2017and None probably consecutive sampling technique was used. Patients were divided into two groups; group N (nifedepine) and group NG (nitroglycerine). Blinding was done by lottery method. The main outcome variable of our study was efficacy of drug.Data were analyzed through SPSS version 23.
Results: A total 72 females were included in the study. The mean age and gestational age of the patients was 25.363.8years and 32.091.78 weeks. Efficacy of drug used in group N was 88.9% and in group NG, efficacy was 61.1%. In group N, prolongation of pregnancy for 48 hours seen in 88.9% patients while in group NG this frequency was 61.1%.
Conclusion: Nifedipine was a better tocolytic agent than nitroglycerin for the preterm patients when used for pregnancy prolongation.

Key words: Nifedipine, nitroglycerine, preterm labor, tocolytic agent.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Akhtar R, Awais M, Awais M, Furqan A. Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 280-284.


Web Style

Akhtar R, Awais M, Awais M, Furqan A. Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=274087 [Access: June 25, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akhtar R, Awais M, Awais M, Furqan A. Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 280-284.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akhtar R, Awais M, Awais M, Furqan A. Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. RMJ. (2018), [cited June 25, 2018]; 43(2): 280-284.



Harvard Style

Akhtar, R., Awais, M., Awais, M. & Furqan, A. (2018) Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. RMJ, 43 (2), 280-284.



Turabian Style

Akhtar, Rahat, Mustafa Awais, Momina Awais, and Aamir Furqan. 2018. Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (2), 280-284.



Chicago Style

Akhtar, Rahat, Mustafa Awais, Momina Awais, and Aamir Furqan. "Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 280-284.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akhtar, Rahat, Mustafa Awais, Momina Awais, and Aamir Furqan. "Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients." Rawal Medical Journal 43.2 (2018), 280-284. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akhtar, R., Awais, M., Awais, M. & Furqan, A. (2018) Comparing the efficacy of nifedipine and nitroglycerine as tocolytic agent in preterm labor patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (2), 280-284.




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