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Original Research Open Access


Investigation of impacted mandibular canines

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif, Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid.

Abstract
Objective: To investigate the frequency of impacted mandibular canines in an orthodontic Pakistani population.
Methodology: This retrospective observational study was conducted at Department of Orthodontics of our institute that included orthodontic records of two hundred untreated subjects. Chi-square analysis was carried out for evaluation of the effect of gender and data was analyzed in SPSS v. 19.
Results: The frequency of impacted mandibular canines was 2.5% of which, two were males and three were females. All impacted canines were unilateral.
Conclusion: Frequency of impacted mandibular canines in this local Pakistani population was found to be 2.5%.

Key words: Mandibular, canine, impaction.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Azeem M, Pervaiz I, Arif A, Khan MI, Hamid Wu. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 87-89.


Web Style

Azeem M, Pervaiz I, Arif A, Khan MI, Hamid Wu. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=273349 [Access: February 21, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Azeem M, Pervaiz I, Arif A, Khan MI, Hamid Wu. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 87-89.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Azeem M, Pervaiz I, Arif A, Khan MI, Hamid Wu. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ. (2018), [cited February 21, 2018]; 43(1): 87-89.



Harvard Style

Azeem, M., Pervaiz, I., Arif, A., Khan, M. I. & Hamid, W. u. (2018) Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ, 43 (1), 87-89.



Turabian Style

Azeem, Muhammad, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif, Muhammad Imran Khan, and Waheed ul Hamid. 2018. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 87-89.



Chicago Style

Azeem, Muhammad, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif, Muhammad Imran Khan, and Waheed ul Hamid. "Investigation of impacted mandibular canines." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 87-89.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Azeem, Muhammad, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif, Muhammad Imran Khan, and Waheed ul Hamid. "Investigation of impacted mandibular canines." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 87-89. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Azeem, M., Pervaiz, I., Arif, A., Khan, M. I. & Hamid, W. u. (2018) Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 87-89.




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