Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 


Investigation of impacted mandibular canines

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif, Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid.

Abstract
Objective: To investigate the frequency of impacted mandibular canines in an orthodontic Pakistani population.
Methodology: This retrospective observational study was conducted at Department of Orthodontics of our institute that included orthodontic records of two hundred untreated subjects. Chi-square analysis was carried out for evaluation of the effect of gender and data was analyzed in SPSS v. 19.
Results: The frequency of impacted mandibular canines was 2.5% of which, two were males and three were females. All impacted canines were unilateral.
Conclusion: Frequency of impacted mandibular canines in this local Pakistani population was found to be 2.5%.

Key words: Mandibular, canine, impaction.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Muhammad Azeem
Articles by Iqra Pervaiz
Articles by Anam Arif
Articles by Muhammad Imran Khan
Articles by Waheed ul Hamid
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 607
Downloaded: 120
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 87-89.


Web Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=273349 [Access: January 16, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 87-89.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ. (2018), [cited January 16, 2019]; 43(1): 87-89.



Harvard Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid (2018) Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. RMJ, 43 (1), 87-89.



Turabian Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. 2018. Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 87-89.



Chicago Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. "Investigation of impacted mandibular canines." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 87-89.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid. "Investigation of impacted mandibular canines." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 87-89. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammad Azeem, Iqra Pervaiz, Anam Arif , Muhammad Imran Khan, Waheed ul Hamid (2018) Investigation of impacted mandibular canines. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 87-89.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.