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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 484-489


Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.

Saima Athar Shaikh, Jawaid Iqbal, Lubna Faisal, Zia ul Islam, Rizwan Ajmal.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the bone mineral density (BMD) scores on Dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan in individuals of different ethnic groups among local population of Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in Departments of Anatomy and Radiology, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College Karachi, from June 2016 to March 2017. The data were collected from the patients belonging to different ethnic groups, who were referred for DEXA scan and entered on structured proforma. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis.
Results: Out of 232 patients, 206 were females and 26 were males with mean age of 59.610.06 years. Majority of patients were resident of Karachi and belonging to Urdu speaking ethnic group. Mean BMI of patients was 29.356.69 and most of patients with osteoporosis were preobese and obese with BMI >25. The relationship of BMD with different ethnic groups showed statistically significant difference where Baloch had high incidence of osteoporosis of forearm and lumbar spine while Sindhi and Pathan had osteoporosis of hip.
Conclusion: There is significant difference in BMD score on DEXA scan among different ethnic groups of Karachi. This information can help clinicians advise patients for timely DEXA scan and earlier use of bone preservation treatment.

Key words: Bone mineral density, body mass index, DEXA scan, ethnicity, osteoporosis.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shaikh SA, Iqbal J, Faisal L, Islam Zu, Ajmal R. Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 484-489.



Web Style

Shaikh SA, Iqbal J, Faisal L, Islam Zu, Ajmal R. Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. www.scopemed.org/?mno=265671 [Access: November 19, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shaikh SA, Iqbal J, Faisal L, Islam Zu, Ajmal R. Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 484-489.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shaikh SA, Iqbal J, Faisal L, Islam Zu, Ajmal R. Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. RMJ. (2017), [cited November 19, 2017]; 42(4): 484-489.



Harvard Style

Shaikh, S. A., Iqbal, J., Faisal, L., Islam, Z. u. & Ajmal, R. (2017) Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. RMJ, 42 (4), 484-489.



Turabian Style

Shaikh, Saima Athar, Jawaid Iqbal, Lubna Faisal, Zia ul Islam, and Rizwan Ajmal. 2017. Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (4), 484-489.



Chicago Style

Shaikh, Saima Athar, Jawaid Iqbal, Lubna Faisal, Zia ul Islam, and Rizwan Ajmal. "Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 484-489.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shaikh, Saima Athar, Jawaid Iqbal, Lubna Faisal, Zia ul Islam, and Rizwan Ajmal. "Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.." Rawal Medical Journal 42.4 (2017), 484-489. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shaikh, S. A., Iqbal, J., Faisal, L., Islam, Z. u. & Ajmal, R. (2017) Difference in bone mineral density score on dual Xray absorptiometry scan among ethnic groups of Karachi, Pakistan.. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (4), 484-489.




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