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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 164-169


Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the age-specific interrelation between body mass index (BMI) and other obesity related indicators and to determine age and gender-differences of anthropometric characteristics in the Pakistani children aged 2-19 years.
Methodology: Anthropometric measurements included height, weight and body circumferences and their derived indices BMI, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were taken from a cross-sectional sample of 10782 Pakistani children, aged 2-19 years during March to June, 2016. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test and the Pearson correlation co-efficient.
Results: BMI had a strongest positive and significant correlation with mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) in all age-groups of boys and girls. BMI had weakest correlation with WHR in all age-groups for both genders. The mean comparisons between both genders showed that boys had a higher mean value in various age-groups than those of girls had with few exceptions.
Conclusion: There was considerable interrelationship among different anthropometric measures in boys and girls of aged 2 to 19 years. However, the MUAC had strong positive correlation with BMI in both genders and MUAC therefore, could be proposed as a simple and easy index to discriminate children and adolescent with elevated BMI.

Key words: Anthropometry, Body Mass Index, Mid-Upper-Arm Circumference, Head circumference, Waist-to-hip ratio.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 164-169.


Web Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=262762 [Access: January 16, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 164-169.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. RMJ. (2018), [cited January 16, 2019]; 43(1): 164-169.



Harvard Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf (2018) Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. RMJ, 43 (1), 164-169.



Turabian Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. 2018. Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 164-169.



Chicago Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. "Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 164-169.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf. "Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 164-169. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Asif Muhammad, Aslam Muhammad, Sajid Mustafa, Saima Altaf (2018) Age-specific Differences and Interrelation between Anthropometric Variables in Pakistani Children aged 2 to 19 Years. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 164-169.








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