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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 452-455


Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan.

Abstract
Objectives: To compare the sleep habits in postmenopausal against younger group of females. Cross sectional study.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in Riphah International University Islamabad from March 2010 to 2011. Sixty females participated in the study, who were divided into two Groups: A comprising 30 young females (n=30) and Group B comprising post-menopausal females (n= 30). Both groups were selected by simple random technique. A questionnaire was designed for assessing their sleep habits and enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay (ELFA) technique was used to analyze serum estrogen levels. Studentsí t test was used for quantitative and chi square for qualitative data. A p<0.05 or less was taken as significant.
Results: Serum estrogen levels of postmenopausal females was significantly lower than the young females (p=0.000). Statistically significant difference was noted between the sleep habits of two groups. Postmenopausal females had lesser sleep duration (p=0.011), more frequent nocturnal arousals (p<0.01), had morning awakening habit of rising without alarm (p=0.000) and earlier rising time in the morning (p=0.000), when compared to the young females.
Conclusion: Sleep pattern of females differs after menopause. This sleep pattern could be related to reduced serum estrogen levels observed in post-menopausal women.

Key words: Post menopause, estrogen, sleep pattern


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 452-455.


Web Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=261881 [Access: November 17, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 452-455.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. RMJ. (2018), [cited November 17, 2018]; 43(3): 452-455.



Harvard Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan (2018) Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. RMJ, 43 (3), 452-455.



Turabian Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. 2018. Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 452-455.



Chicago Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. "Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 452-455.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan. "Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women." Rawal Medical Journal 43.3 (2018), 452-455. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nida Naeem, Umar Ali Khan, Nusrat Zareen, Humaira Fayyaz Khan (2018) Comparison of sleep patterns of postmenopausal against young women. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 452-455.




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