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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 350-355


Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients

Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Shariful Hasan Sumon, Hoo Fan Kee, Sazlyna Mohd Sazlly Lim, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Salmiah Md Said, Manohar Arumugam, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Siew Mooi Ching, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Hasnur Zaman Hashim, Hamidon Basri.

Abstract
Objective: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the commonest entrapment neuropathy referred for electro diagnostic evaluation. The objective of this study is to evaluate the risk factors associated with CTS and their relationship with the severity in nerve conduction abnormality.
Methodology: This study was based on the retrospective data analysis of patients who were electro-physiologically diagnosed as CTS in a tertiary neurophysiology service. Patients were divided into 2 groups; non-severe and severe CTS. Factors, which include age, gender, ethnicity, laterality of CTS, symptoms and diabetes mellitus were analyzed separately and compared with severity of CTS based on NCS.
Results: We analyzed 144 patients with age ranging from 18 to 76 years. Patients with bilateral CTS were 4 times more likely at risk to developed severe CTS while diabetes mellitus patients are 2.5 times more likely. There was no significant association found between age, gender, ethnicity and symptomatic patients with the CTS severity.
Conclusion: This study shows that patients with bilateral CTS and diabetes mellitus are at higher risk in developing severe CTS. Therefore, early screening with NCS is recommended in these groups of patients.

Key words: Carpal tunnel syndrome, median neuropathy, median nerve, neural conduction, risk factors


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sulaiman WAW, Sumon SH, Kee HF, Lim SMS, Mat LNI, Said SM, Arumugam M, Ramachandran V, Ching SM, Mohamed MH, Hashim HZ, Basri H. Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 350-355.



Web Style

Sulaiman WAW, Sumon SH, Kee HF, Lim SMS, Mat LNI, Said SM, Arumugam M, Ramachandran V, Ching SM, Mohamed MH, Hashim HZ, Basri H. Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. www.scopemed.org/?mno=261248 [Access: October 20, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sulaiman WAW, Sumon SH, Kee HF, Lim SMS, Mat LNI, Said SM, Arumugam M, Ramachandran V, Ching SM, Mohamed MH, Hashim HZ, Basri H. Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 350-355.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sulaiman WAW, Sumon SH, Kee HF, Lim SMS, Mat LNI, Said SM, Arumugam M, Ramachandran V, Ching SM, Mohamed MH, Hashim HZ, Basri H. Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. RMJ. (2017), [cited October 20, 2017]; 42(3): 350-355.



Harvard Style

Sulaiman, W. A. W., Sumon, S. H., Kee, H. F., Lim, S. M. S., Mat, L. N. I., Said, S. M., Arumugam, M., Ramachandran, V., Ching, S. M., Mohamed, M. H., Hashim, H. Z. & Basri, H. (2017) Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. RMJ, 42 (3), 350-355.



Turabian Style

Sulaiman, Wan Aliaa Wan, Shariful Hasan Sumon, Hoo Fan Kee, Sazlyna Mohd Sazlly Lim, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Salmiah Md Said, Manohar Arumugam, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Siew Mooi Ching, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Hasnur Zaman Hashim, and Hamidon Basri. 2017. Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 350-355.



Chicago Style

Sulaiman, Wan Aliaa Wan, Shariful Hasan Sumon, Hoo Fan Kee, Sazlyna Mohd Sazlly Lim, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Salmiah Md Said, Manohar Arumugam, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Siew Mooi Ching, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Hasnur Zaman Hashim, and Hamidon Basri. "Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 350-355.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sulaiman, Wan Aliaa Wan, Shariful Hasan Sumon, Hoo Fan Kee, Sazlyna Mohd Sazlly Lim, Liyana Najwa Inche Mat, Salmiah Md Said, Manohar Arumugam, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Siew Mooi Ching, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Hasnur Zaman Hashim, and Hamidon Basri. "Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients." Rawal Medical Journal 42.3 (2017), 350-355. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sulaiman, W. A. W., Sumon, S. H., Kee, H. F., Lim, S. M. S., Mat, L. N. I., Said, S. M., Arumugam, M., Ramachandran, V., Ching, S. M., Mohamed, M. H., Hashim, H. Z. & Basri, H. (2017) Predictive factors associated with severity of carpal tunnel syndrome in multiethnic Asian patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 350-355.




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