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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 115-119


Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon.

Abstract
Objective: Malnutrition and clinical manifestation in school going children of Tharparkar District
Methodology: The study subjects were school going children of class VI to X from different boys and girls schools at Mithi, District Tharparkar. A total number of 300 children with age range of 12-17 years, were included, out of which 150 (50%) were girls and 150 (50%) were boys. General physical examination was carried out for all the subjects. Estimated nutrient intake of energy, carbohydrates, protein, fat and iron was calculated by one week recall method. Anthropometric measurements such as weight, and height, were taken by using the standard operating procedures.
Results: General physical examination revealed generalized weakness, recurrent infection and anemia were the most commonly seen in the school going children at district Tharparkar. Nutritional status of children according to the age for height showed 32% girls and 34% boys were stunt whereas the of age for weight showed 34% girls and 39% boys were underweight. The body mass index for age showed 16% girls and 34% boys were thin. Only 2.6 % girls and boys were overweight, but we didnít find any obese children.
Conclusion: It is concluded that energy (caloric) carbohydrates, protein, and iron are below recommended daily allowance, which reflects the malnutrition in children. Inadequate intake of nutrients has the effect on height, weight and body mass index.

Key words: Malnutrition, Tharparkar, children, estimated nutrient intake, carbohydrates, protein, fat


 
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Pubmed Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 115-119.


Web Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=260615 [Access: January 16, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 115-119.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. (2018), [cited January 16, 2019]; 43(1): 115-119.



Harvard Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon (2018) Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ, 43 (1), 115-119.



Turabian Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. 2018. Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 115-119.



Chicago Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. "Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 115-119.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon. "Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 115-119. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aneel Kapoor, Naseem Aslam Channa, Ali Mohammed Soomro, Saeed Akhter Tunio, Tayyab Uddin Khand, Najma Memon (2018) Malnutrition and clinical manifestations in school going children at district Tharparkar, Sindh, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 115-119.








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