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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 511-514


A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan

Nasir Ahmad, Sajjad Hussain, Nargis Munir.

Abstract
Objectives: To find the occurrence of PTSD among secondary school students of District Swat and to measure the relationship of PTSD and academic achievement of students.
Methodology: This descriptive study comprised of 25 boys and girls high schools destroyed during militancy and military operation in District Swat. The sample consisted of 941 students comprising of 573 male and 368 female studentst. Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) was used to measure PTSD.
Results: Female students developed higher PTSD as compared to male students. Most of the displaced and non-displaced students were highly affected and they developed equal amount of PTSD. PTSD had inverse correlation with the academic achievement of female and Non-displaced students.
Conclusions: Female students developed higher PTSD and it has inverse correlation with the academic achievement of students.

Key words: PTSD, academic achievement, internal displacement, secondary schools, militancy in Swat.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmad N, Hussain S, Munir N. A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 511-514.


Web Style

Ahmad N, Hussain S, Munir N. A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=259514 [Access: September 22, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmad N, Hussain S, Munir N. A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 511-514.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmad N, Hussain S, Munir N. A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. RMJ. (2018), [cited September 22, 2018]; 43(3): 511-514.



Harvard Style

Ahmad, N., Hussain, S. & Munir, N. (2018) A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. RMJ, 43 (3), 511-514.



Turabian Style

Ahmad, Nasir, Sajjad Hussain, and Nargis Munir. 2018. A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 511-514.



Chicago Style

Ahmad, Nasir, Sajjad Hussain, and Nargis Munir. "A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 511-514.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmad, Nasir, Sajjad Hussain, and Nargis Munir. "A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43.3 (2018), 511-514. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmad, N., Hussain, S. & Munir, N. (2018) A tale of internal displacement: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among school students in Swat, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 511-514.




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