Service by

Home Journal Issues Instructions for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 276-279


Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity

Sajida Habib, Farhat Rehana Malik, Naila Nasr Malik.

Abstract
Objectives: To determine the frequency, causes of retained placenta, its association with age and suggest preventive strategies
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted at Gynecology & Obstetrics unit of Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan. One hundred and thirty female patients of 20- 40 years with post partum hemorrhage being delivered at labor room as booked patients were enrolled in the study through consecutive sampling technique. Demographic and clinical data were recorded. SPSS version 11 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Out of 130 patients, 13% (n= 17) belonged to 25-30, 27% (n= 35) in 31-35 and 60% (n=78) in 30-40 years age group. Mean age was 32+1.23 years. Frequency of retained placenta with post partum hemorrhage was 70% (n=91). Association of retained placenta with age distribution was found to be significant (0.002).
Conclusion: Retained placenta is a frequent cause of maternal morbidity.

Key words: Retained placenta, post partum haemorrhage, Pregnancy, Premature Birth, Female.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Sajida Habib
Articles by Farhat Rehana Malik
Articles by Naila Nasr Malik
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 176
Downloaded: 70
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Habib S, Malik FR, Malik NN. Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 276-279.


Web Style

Habib S, Malik FR, Malik NN. Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=258239 [Access: August 20, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Habib S, Malik FR, Malik NN. Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 276-279.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Habib S, Malik FR, Malik NN. Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. RMJ. (2018), [cited August 20, 2018]; 43(2): 276-279.



Harvard Style

Habib, S., Malik, F. R. & Malik, N. N. (2018) Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. RMJ, 43 (2), 276-279.



Turabian Style

Habib, Sajida, Farhat Rehana Malik, and Naila Nasr Malik. 2018. Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (2), 276-279.



Chicago Style

Habib, Sajida, Farhat Rehana Malik, and Naila Nasr Malik. "Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 276-279.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Habib, Sajida, Farhat Rehana Malik, and Naila Nasr Malik. "Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity." Rawal Medical Journal 43.2 (2018), 276-279. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Habib, S., Malik, F. R. & Malik, N. N. (2018) Retained Placenta: An obstetric emergency and cause of reproductive morbidity. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (2), 276-279.




Instructions for Authors

AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

WHO Index Medicus IMEMR,
Emromedex,
Pakmedinet,
ExtraMED and
Scopus

Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council



The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.