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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 281-285


Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Sumaira Hamid, Muhammad Faheem, Saima Ambreen, Muhammad Umar.

Abstract
Objective: To determine Vitamin D deficiency in both cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC).
Methodology: We conducted a cross-sectional study at Centre for Liver and Digestive Diseases (CLD), Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from August 2015 to February 2016 and included 120 Patients with CHC with or without cirrhosis. Two groups were formed and vitamin D levels were measured and level of severity was assessed.
Results: Out of 120 patients, 94(78.3%) patients had Vitamin D deficiency. 63(100%) cirrhotic patients and 31(54.4%) non cirrhotic patients had Vitamin D deficiency. In cirrhotic patients, 26(41.3%) had mild and 36(58.7%) had moderate Vitamin D deficiency while in non-cirrhotic patients 25(43.9%) had mild and 6(10.5%) had moderate deficiency. No patient with severe Vitamin D deficiency was observed.
Conclusion: Most of the patients infected with CHC suffer from vitamin D deficiency. This was observed more in cirrhotic patients than non-cirrhotic patients. Moreover, positive correlation was observed among vitamin D deficiency and stage of fibrosis.

Key words: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC), cirrhotic, non-cirrhotic, Vitamin D.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hamid S, Faheem M, Ambreen S, Umar M. Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 281-285.



Web Style

Hamid S, Faheem M, Ambreen S, Umar M. Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. www.scopemed.org/?mno=257502 [Access: October 20, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hamid S, Faheem M, Ambreen S, Umar M. Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 281-285.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hamid S, Faheem M, Ambreen S, Umar M. Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ. (2017), [cited October 20, 2017]; 42(3): 281-285.



Harvard Style

Hamid, S., Faheem, M., Ambreen, S. & Umar, M. (2017) Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ, 42 (3), 281-285.



Turabian Style

Hamid, Sumaira, Muhammad Faheem, Saima Ambreen, and Muhammad Umar. 2017. Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 281-285.



Chicago Style

Hamid, Sumaira, Muhammad Faheem, Saima Ambreen, and Muhammad Umar. "Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 281-285.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hamid, Sumaira, Muhammad Faheem, Saima Ambreen, and Muhammad Umar. "Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 42.3 (2017), 281-285. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hamid, S., Faheem, M., Ambreen, S. & Umar, M. (2017) Comparison of vitamin D deficiency and magnitude of severity of vitamin D deficiency in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C in a tertiary care hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 281-285.




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