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RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 216-218


Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair

Muhammad Siddique Khan, Junaid Zeb, Amer Zaman.

Abstract
Objectives: To determine the frequency and reasons for conversion of TEP to TAPP.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Surgery, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan from August 7, 2013 to November 29, 2016. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 17.
Results: All 151 patients were male. Mean age was 36.247.075 years (range 23 to 50). 91(60.3%) were from urban area, 73(48.3%) were smokers, while 49(32.4%) were hypertensive. Direct hernia was noted in 71(47.0%) and indirect hernia in 80(53.0%) patients. 21(13.90%) patients was converted to TAPP procedure. Reasons were hemorrhage in 8(5.3%) patients, peritoneal tear in 11(7.3%), while instrumental failure in 2(1.3%) patients.
Conclusion: Main reasons for conversion to TAPP procedures were intraoperative complications i.e. hemorrhage, peritoneal tear and instrumental failure.

Key words: Inguinal hernia, total extra peritoneal (TEP) procedure, trans abdominal pre peritoneal (TAPP).


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khan MS, Zeb J, Zaman A. Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 216-218.



Web Style

Khan MS, Zeb J, Zaman A. Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. www.scopemed.org/?mno=254554 [Access: April 27, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan MS, Zeb J, Zaman A. Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 216-218.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan MS, Zeb J, Zaman A. Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. RMJ. (2017), [cited April 27, 2017]; 42(2): 216-218.



Harvard Style

Khan, M. S., Zeb, J. & Zaman, A. (2017) Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. RMJ, 42 (2), 216-218.



Turabian Style

Khan, Muhammad Siddique, Junaid Zeb, and Amer Zaman. 2017. Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (2), 216-218.



Chicago Style

Khan, Muhammad Siddique, Junaid Zeb, and Amer Zaman. "Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 216-218.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Muhammad Siddique, Junaid Zeb, and Amer Zaman. "Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair." Rawal Medical Journal 42.2 (2017), 216-218. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, M. S., Zeb, J. & Zaman, A. (2017) Conversion of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia (TEP) repair to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (2), 216-218.



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The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.