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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 546-549


Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices

Mohammad Imran, Nasim Ilyas, Tahir Mahmood.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, 6-24 months of age using WHO indicator in Children Hospital, PIMS, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at Lactation management clinic, Children Hospital, PIMS, Islamabad from March 20, 2012 to September 20, 2012. A total of 305 mother-baby pairs were included in the study. Information regarding IYCF practices was collected and entered in a Performa. A scoring system was used to assess the outcome.
Results: The WHO core indicators for IYCF were as follows; early initiation of breastfeeding in 64.9%, exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months in 68.6%, continued breastfeeding at 1 year in 57%, introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods before 6 months in 71.1%, minimum dietary diversity in 26.9%, minimum meal frequency of 3-4 times a day in 60.3%, minimum acceptable diet and consumption of iron rich or iron fortified foods in 21.3%. Commonly used food groups were staple foods (cereals, rice, potato) in 95.7% and milk products (milk, cheese, yogurt) in 91.5% of children. The mean score for IYCF practices was 3.581.39. The mean IYCF practices score was not significantly different between rural-urban residence or the professional status (p= >0.05).
Conclusion: Infant and young child feeding practices observed in this study are far from the ideal situation.

Key words: Breastfeeding, Infant and young child-feeding practices (IYCF), Pakistan


 
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Pubmed Style

Imran M, Ilyas N, Mahmood T. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 546-549.



Web Style

Imran M, Ilyas N, Mahmood T. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. www.scopemed.org/?mno=254277 [Access: November 19, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Imran M, Ilyas N, Mahmood T. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 546-549.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Imran M, Ilyas N, Mahmood T. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. RMJ. (2017), [cited November 19, 2017]; 42(4): 546-549.



Harvard Style

Imran, M., Ilyas, N. & Mahmood, T. (2017) Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. RMJ, 42 (4), 546-549.



Turabian Style

Imran, Mohammad, Nasim Ilyas, and Tahir Mahmood. 2017. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (4), 546-549.



Chicago Style

Imran, Mohammad, Nasim Ilyas, and Tahir Mahmood. "Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 546-549.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Imran, Mohammad, Nasim Ilyas, and Tahir Mahmood. "Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices." Rawal Medical Journal 42.4 (2017), 546-549. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Imran, M., Ilyas, N. & Mahmood, T. (2017) Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (4), 546-549.




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