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RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 262-263


How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy

Farjad Afzal, Sidra Manzoor, Asma Afzal.

Abstract
Erbís palsy is one of the upper brachial plexus palsy in which there is lesion of nerve root C5, C6 and C7 during the birth process. There is prime importance of external rotation in activity of daily life. Self care activity of daily life like combing hairs, hand and face wash, dressing, putting and removing shirts, personal hygiene activities, eating and drinking also need external rotation. Physiotherapists should discover new methods and techniques that help to restore shoulder external rotations in these patients. Surgical reconstruction of nerves, transfer techniques of muscles are modern approaches to obtain optimum external rotation and motor function of arm.

Key words: Shoulder external rotation, Erbís palsy, brachial plexus palsy, shoulder dystocia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Afzal F, Manzoor S, Afzal A. How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 262-263.



Web Style

Afzal F, Manzoor S, Afzal A. How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. www.scopemed.org/?mno=251145 [Access: April 27, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Afzal F, Manzoor S, Afzal A. How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 262-263.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Afzal F, Manzoor S, Afzal A. How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. RMJ. (2017), [cited April 27, 2017]; 42(2): 262-263.



Harvard Style

Afzal, F., Manzoor, S. & Afzal, A. (2017) How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. RMJ, 42 (2), 262-263.



Turabian Style

Afzal, Farjad, Sidra Manzoor, and Asma Afzal. 2017. How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (2), 262-263.



Chicago Style

Afzal, Farjad, Sidra Manzoor, and Asma Afzal. "How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 262-263.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Afzal, Farjad, Sidra Manzoor, and Asma Afzal. "How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy." Rawal Medical Journal 42.2 (2017), 262-263. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Afzal, F., Manzoor, S. & Afzal, A. (2017) How to restore shoulder external rotation in Erbís palsy. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (2), 262-263.



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The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.