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Original Research 


Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities

Sania Khawar Kiyani, Fouzia Batool, Saba Nawaz, Mir Arif Hussain, Amna Yaseen.

Abstract
Objectives: To identify the frequency of neck pain associated with modern hijab in females of twin cities of Pakistan along with identification of risk factors.
Methodology: A total of 747 females participated from 4 different Universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad were included in the study. The study duration was 6 months from January to June 2017. Northwick questionnaire for neck pain was used to assess the neck pain intensity, symptoms, numbness, impact on daily activities and social life. Statistical analysis was done on SPSS version 21.
Results: Out of 747 participants, 393(50.2%) females were covering their head with modern hijab. Type of head cover daily duration of hijab were significantly associated with stiffness or discomfort in neck, restriction with movement, pain and stiffness in head and neck region and relief from pain after removal of hijab (p<0.05). Intensity of pain, sleeping and pain, symptoms duration, carrying and reading or watching TV did not show any significant relationship with the type of head cover (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Majority of the females cover their head with the accessories and these accessories causes the harmful effects on musculoskeletal system, contributing to neck pain.

Key words: Neck Pain, Hijab, Musculoskeletal Disorders.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kiyani SK, Batool F, Nawaz S, Hussain MA, Yaseen A. Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 71-73.


Web Style

Kiyani SK, Batool F, Nawaz S, Hussain MA, Yaseen A. Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=2396 [Access: March 29, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kiyani SK, Batool F, Nawaz S, Hussain MA, Yaseen A. Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 71-73.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kiyani SK, Batool F, Nawaz S, Hussain MA, Yaseen A. Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 45(1): 71-73.



Harvard Style

Kiyani, S. K., Batool, . F., Nawaz, . S., Hussain, . M. A. & Yaseen, . A. (2020) Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. RMJ, 45 (1), 71-73.



Turabian Style

Kiyani, Sania Khawar, Fouzia Batool, Saba Nawaz, Mir Arif Hussain, and Amna Yaseen. 2020. Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 71-73.



Chicago Style

Kiyani, Sania Khawar, Fouzia Batool, Saba Nawaz, Mir Arif Hussain, and Amna Yaseen. "Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 71-73.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kiyani, Sania Khawar, Fouzia Batool, Saba Nawaz, Mir Arif Hussain, and Amna Yaseen. "Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 71-73. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kiyani, S. K., Batool, . F., Nawaz, . S., Hussain, . M. A. & Yaseen, . A. (2020) Frequency of neck pain in modern hijab wearing females in twin cities. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 71-73.








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