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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(3): 613-617


Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan

Muhammad Ali Balouch, Sadia Anwar, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Tariq Rasheed, Muhammad Siddique Ansari, Nadeem Balouch.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the social networking sites (SNS) usage frequency, usage timing, types of SNS, pattern of SNS usage, duration and its association with depression among the undergraduate university students.

Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to March 2017 at Liaquat University of Medical And Health Sciences Jamshoro, Pakistan. Systematic random sampling technique was used with sample size of 212. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Face book Intensity Scales were used. The data were analyzed with SPSS version 21.0. Chi square test was employed to check association between independent and outcome variable depression.

Results: 24.4% of the respondents were found to be mildly depressed where as 44.6% were found to be moderately depressed. Moderately severe depressed were found to be 26.3% and 4.7% were found to be severely depressed. Total time spent and the type of SNS used by the students were associated with depression.

Conclusion: Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube are most famous websites among young generation. The social media addiction may result in negative and harmful consequences.

Key words: Online social networking, Face book, Intrusion, Depression, Internet addiction.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Balouch MA, Anwar S, Ansari MI, Rasheed T, Ansari MS, Balouch N. Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(3): 613-617.


Web Style

Balouch MA, Anwar S, Ansari MI, Rasheed T, Ansari MS, Balouch N. Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=22791 [Access: August 23, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Balouch MA, Anwar S, Ansari MI, Rasheed T, Ansari MS, Balouch N. Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(3): 613-617.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Balouch MA, Anwar S, Ansari MI, Rasheed T, Ansari MS, Balouch N. Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. (2019), [cited August 23, 2019]; 44(3): 613-617.



Harvard Style

Balouch, M. A., Anwar, . S., Ansari, . M. I., Rasheed, . T., Ansari, . M. S. & Balouch, . N. (2019) Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ, 44 (3), 613-617.



Turabian Style

Balouch, Muhammad Ali, Sadia Anwar, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Tariq Rasheed, Muhammad Siddique Ansari, and Nadeem Balouch. 2019. Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (3), 613-617.



Chicago Style

Balouch, Muhammad Ali, Sadia Anwar, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Tariq Rasheed, Muhammad Siddique Ansari, and Nadeem Balouch. "Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 613-617.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Balouch, Muhammad Ali, Sadia Anwar, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Tariq Rasheed, Muhammad Siddique Ansari, and Nadeem Balouch. "Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44.3 (2019), 613-617. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Balouch, M. A., Anwar, . S., Ansari, . M. I., Rasheed, . T., Ansari, . M. S. & Balouch, . N. (2019) Impact of online social networking on mental health among medical students of LUMHS Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (3), 613-617.








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