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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 212-215


Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients

Momna Asghar, Arooj Fatima, Soleman Warner, Muhammad Haider Ullah Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad, Kashif Siddique.

Abstract
Objective: To find the effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in improving balance among chronic stroke individuals.
Methodology: It was a single blinded randomized controlled trial conducted at University Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation clinic, Lahore using non-probability convenient sampling. Sixty hemiplegic patients having single episode of hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke were randomly allocated into two groups. Experimental group (n=30) received proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and routine physical therapy, while control group (n=30) received only routine physical therapy. Patients having orthopedic injury, visual and hearing problems were excluded from the study. Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was used to access balance at baseline and at the end of six weeks. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 24.
Results: The comparison at the end of trial showed that BBS scores were significantly increased in PNF group as compared to group without PNF (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation along with routine physical therapy was more effective in improving balance in stroke patients as compared to routine physical therapy alone.

Key words: Stroke, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, physical therapy.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Asghar M, Fatima A, Warner S, Khan MHU, Ahmad A, Siddique K. Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients.


Web Style

Asghar M, Fatima A, Warner S, Khan MHU, Ahmad A, Siddique K. Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=2120 [Access: March 13, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Asghar M, Fatima A, Warner S, Khan MHU, Ahmad A, Siddique K. Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Asghar M, Fatima A, Warner S, Khan MHU, Ahmad A, Siddique K. Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients.



Harvard Style

Asghar, M., Fatima, . A., Warner, . S., Khan, . M. H. U., Ahmad, . A. & Siddique, . K. (2021) Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients.



Turabian Style

Asghar, Momna, Arooj Fatima, Soleman Warner, Muhammad Haider Ullah Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Kashif Siddique. 2021. Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients.



Chicago Style

Asghar, Momna, Arooj Fatima, Soleman Warner, Muhammad Haider Ullah Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Kashif Siddique. "Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Asghar, Momna, Arooj Fatima, Soleman Warner, Muhammad Haider Ullah Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Kashif Siddique. "Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Asghar, M., Fatima, . A., Warner, . S., Khan, . M. H. U., Ahmad, . A. & Siddique, . K. (2021) Effectiveness of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on balance in chronic stroke patients.








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