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Original Research 
RMJ. 2016; 41(2): 238-240


Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata.

Abstract
Objective: To look at the association between the body mass index (BMI) and waist over hip ratio to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Methodology: This prospective cross sectional study included subjects who visited gastrointestinal outpatient clinic at Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar, Malaysia. It was a convenient sampling. The subjects were interviewed with a validated questionnaire (GERDq). The data was analyzed with Chi-square test, using statistical analysis SPSS version 19.
Result: A total of 100 subjects were interviewed. The chi-square value for modified BMI was 1.190 (p=0.275). 59% of study population had a BMI of 23 kg/m2 and of these, 31% had GERD impact on daily life. The W/H Ratio had chi-square value of 0.852 (p=0.356). 29% of the subjects with W/H Ratio above 0.85 for male and 0.95 for female showed GERD symptoms with high impact on daily life.
Conclusion: In this study, BMI and W/H Ratio were not associated with GERD symptoms. However, the results showed a trend of increased BMI with higher GERD symptoms impact on the daily life.

Key words: Body Mass Index (BMI), obesity, waist/hip ratio, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ. 2016; 41(2): 238-240.


Web Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=208793 [Access: August 25, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ. 2016; 41(2): 238-240.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ. (2016), [cited August 25, 2019]; 41(2): 238-240.



Harvard Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata (2016) Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ, 41 (2), 238-240.



Turabian Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. 2016. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. Rawal Medical Journal, 41 (2), 238-240.



Chicago Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. "Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia." Rawal Medical Journal 41 (2016), 238-240.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata. "Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia." Rawal Medical Journal 41.2 (2016), 238-240. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata (2016) Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. Rawal Medical Journal, 41 (2), 238-240.








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