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Original Research 


Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients

Anam Yousaf, Adnan Adil, Sadia Niazi, Saba Ghayas, Anam Khan, Nimra Rafique.

Abstract
Objective: To study the indirect effect of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients.
Methodology: Using purposive sample with equal representation of both genders, 120 hepatitis patients were recruited from different hospitals of district Sargodha. The Stigma Scale, Depression, Anxiety and Stress scale, and Friendship: 6 items scale were used to measure stigma, depression and social isolation, respectively.
Results: Path analysis in Amos indicated the positive direct effect of stigma on social isolation and positive direct effect of social isolation on depression. Perceived stigma also demonstrated a positive indirect effect on depression through social isolation.
Conclusion: Higher level of stigmatization and social isolation can lead to more severe depression. However, detection and management of social isolation, stigmatization and depression at early stages can lead to less future morbidity and mortality.

Key words: Social isolation, perceived stigma, hepatitis patients.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yousaf A, Adil A, Niazi S, Ghayas S, Khan A, Rafique N. Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 41-44.


Web Style

Yousaf A, Adil A, Niazi S, Ghayas S, Khan A, Rafique N. Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=138427 [Access: March 20, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yousaf A, Adil A, Niazi S, Ghayas S, Khan A, Rafique N. Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 41-44.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yousaf A, Adil A, Niazi S, Ghayas S, Khan A, Rafique N. Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. RMJ. (2021), [cited March 20, 2021]; 46(1): 41-44.



Harvard Style

Yousaf, A., Adil, . A., Niazi, . S., Ghayas, . S., Khan, . A. & Rafique, . N. (2021) Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. RMJ, 46 (1), 41-44.



Turabian Style

Yousaf, Anam, Adnan Adil, Sadia Niazi, Saba Ghayas, Anam Khan, and Nimra Rafique. 2021. Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 41-44.



Chicago Style

Yousaf, Anam, Adnan Adil, Sadia Niazi, Saba Ghayas, Anam Khan, and Nimra Rafique. "Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 41-44.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yousaf, Anam, Adnan Adil, Sadia Niazi, Saba Ghayas, Anam Khan, and Nimra Rafique. "Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients." Rawal Medical Journal 46.1 (2021), 41-44. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yousaf, A., Adil, . A., Niazi, . S., Ghayas, . S., Khan, . A. & Rafique, . N. (2021) Mediating role of social isolation between stigma and depression among hepatitis patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 41-44.








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