Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 857-862


Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain

Shahid Raza, Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Waqas Ghauri, Tahir Mahmood, Sammar Abbas.

Abstract
Objective: To compare the effects of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of latissimus dorsi muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain.
Methodology: This Randomized controlled trial of chronic mechanical low back patients at Shifa international hospital Islamabad was conducted during September 2018 to February 2019. Using convenient sampling technique the data were collected from 40 subjects following the inclusion criteria of 20 to 60 years having chronic low back pain from 7-12 weeks . Subjects were randomized in two groups. Control Group received spinal stabilization while the experimental group received the spinal stabilization exercises with stretching of latissimus dorsi stretch. The outcome tools were NPRS and Oswerty Disability Index.
Results: Within group comparison of NPRS after week 4 of treatment Median + P-value of Control group was 1(1.75) + 0.00 while in experimental group 1(1) + 0.00. Median + P-value, for ODI in Control group was 1(1) + 0.00 while in experimental group was 0(1) + 0.00 at 4th week. For between group comparison, baseline Median (IQR) + U-stats of control group at initial week was 6(0) + 180.5 and of experimental group was 6(2) + 180.5 whereas P-value was 0.54 respectively. After 4 weeks of intervention it was 1(1) + 145 and 0(1) + 145 respectively, p-value was 0.112.
Conclusion: Spinal stabilization exercises are effective for management of chronic Low back pain. There was significant improvement in functional index and reduction in pain with use of the spinal stabilization combination with Latissimus dorsi stretch.

Key words: : Spinal stabilization, latissimus dorsi, low back pain.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Shahid Raza
Articles by Waqar Ahmed Awan
Articles by Muhammad Waqas Ghauri
Articles by Tahir Mahmood
Articles by Sammar Abbas
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Raza S, Awan WA, Ghauri MW, Mahmood T, Abbas S. Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 857-862.


Web Style

Raza S, Awan WA, Ghauri MW, Mahmood T, Abbas S. Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=130725 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Raza S, Awan WA, Ghauri MW, Mahmood T, Abbas S. Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 857-862.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Raza S, Awan WA, Ghauri MW, Mahmood T, Abbas S. Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 857-862.



Harvard Style

Raza, S., Awan, . W. A., Ghauri, . M. W., Mahmood, . T. & Abbas, . S. (2020) Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. RMJ, 45 (4), 857-862.



Turabian Style

Raza, Shahid, Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Waqas Ghauri, Tahir Mahmood, and Sammar Abbas. 2020. Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 857-862.



Chicago Style

Raza, Shahid, Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Waqas Ghauri, Tahir Mahmood, and Sammar Abbas. "Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 857-862.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Raza, Shahid, Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Waqas Ghauri, Tahir Mahmood, and Sammar Abbas. "Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 857-862. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Raza, S., Awan, . W. A., Ghauri, . M. W., Mahmood, . T. & Abbas, . S. (2020) Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 857-862.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus and Web of Science

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.