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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 947-950


Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic

Masroor Ahmed, Rukhsana Hamid, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Bux, Naveed Ahmed, Mukesh Kumar.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the anxiety and depression in medical students due to COVID-19 in Sindh, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted on students of medical and dental colleges throughout the province of Sindh, including the public sector and private sector medical colleges. Anxiety and depression were assessed by generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7) and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Data were analyzed by SPSS version 26.
Results: A total of 1445 medical students participated in the study. The average age of the students was 21.873.16 years. Various levels of anxiety and depression, ranging from mild to severe, were observed in 78.1% and 76.9% of students, respectively.
Conclusion: Anxiety and depression most commonly affect medical students even in reasonable condition. In the current situation of the pandemic, they are overstressed, and the prevalence of anxiety and depression relatively increased significantly.

Key words: Anxiety, depression, covid-19.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmed M, Hamid R, Hussain G, Bux M, Ahmed N, Kumar M. Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 947-950.


Web Style

Ahmed M, Hamid R, Hussain G, Bux M, Ahmed N, Kumar M. Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=123902 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmed M, Hamid R, Hussain G, Bux M, Ahmed N, Kumar M. Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 947-950.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmed M, Hamid R, Hussain G, Bux M, Ahmed N, Kumar M. Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 947-950.



Harvard Style

Ahmed, M., Hamid, . R., Hussain, . G., Bux, . M., Ahmed, . N. & Kumar, . M. (2020) Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. RMJ, 45 (4), 947-950.



Turabian Style

Ahmed, Masroor, Rukhsana Hamid, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Bux, Naveed Ahmed, and Mukesh Kumar. 2020. Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 947-950.



Chicago Style

Ahmed, Masroor, Rukhsana Hamid, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Bux, Naveed Ahmed, and Mukesh Kumar. "Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 947-950.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmed, Masroor, Rukhsana Hamid, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Bux, Naveed Ahmed, and Mukesh Kumar. "Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 947-950. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmed, M., Hamid, . R., Hussain, . G., Bux, . M., Ahmed, . N. & Kumar, . M. (2020) Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 947-950.








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