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Original Research 


Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire

Amina Husnain, Asif Khan, Tariq Aziz, Faisal Nazeer Hussain.

Abstract
Objective: To investigate the presence of occult anxiety and depression through use of HADS (Hospital Anxiety Depression Score) questionnaire in cases of degenerative joint disease.
Methodology: A prospective, observational study of osteoarthritis patients presenting to Orthopedic OPD with joint and body aches was done from June to December 2018. Patients were selected from Avicenna Medical College, a tertiary care hospital, Lahore. A total 136 patients with knee/low back pain/neck or generalized aches & pains were included and given HADS form (Urdu translation) to fill and give their best response. The scores were tabulated (0-7 negative, 8-10 borderline & 11-21 positive).
Results: Among 136 patients, 50(36.8%) were male and 86(63.2%) female. Mean duration of symptoms (in Months) was 3.26 months (range 0.25-20). 114(83.8%) patients were married. Many had more than one symptom e.g. neck pain, knee pain, low back ache and generalized aches and pains. Co-morbidities were diabetes or hypertension. No association was found between depression or anxiety scores on HADS scale except for age and hypertension using a Chi Square test.
Conclusion: The association between degenerative joint disease and depression and anxiety using a HADS scale cannot be proven. A large scale study will be desirable.

Key words: Depression, anxiety, osteoarthritis.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Husnain A, Khan A, Aziz T, Hussain FN. Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 56-61.


Web Style

Husnain A, Khan A, Aziz T, Hussain FN. Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=120596 [Access: March 20, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Husnain A, Khan A, Aziz T, Hussain FN. Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 56-61.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Husnain A, Khan A, Aziz T, Hussain FN. Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. RMJ. (2021), [cited March 20, 2021]; 46(1): 56-61.



Harvard Style

Husnain, A., Khan, . A., Aziz, . T. & Hussain, . F. N. (2021) Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. RMJ, 46 (1), 56-61.



Turabian Style

Husnain, Amina, Asif Khan, Tariq Aziz, and Faisal Nazeer Hussain. 2021. Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 56-61.



Chicago Style

Husnain, Amina, Asif Khan, Tariq Aziz, and Faisal Nazeer Hussain. "Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 56-61.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Husnain, Amina, Asif Khan, Tariq Aziz, and Faisal Nazeer Hussain. "Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire." Rawal Medical Journal 46.1 (2021), 56-61. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Husnain, A., Khan, . A., Aziz, . T. & Hussain, . F. N. (2021) Anxiety and depression in osteoarthritis using HADS questionnaire. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 56-61.








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