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Original Research 


Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students

Mohammad Musa Asif, Ismail Anwar Khokhar, Muhammad Mashhood Khan, Muhammad Asbar Javed.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the effect of COVID-19 lockdown on the health-related Quality of life in undergraduate students taking online classes from different private institutions.
Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study involving 211participants. Sample size was calculated by “EpiTool” with 95% confidence level. They were selected through convenient sampling technique. RAND health-related quality of life (QoL) SF-36 form was used to collect data. The questionnaires included demographics details and SF-36 questions divided into eight domains.
Results: Average age group was 21-23 years. The mean values of eight SF36 domains were calculated separately and the range for male was 36.23-74.21 points while for females were 29.19-65.62. The paired sample t-test showed p>0.005 in all domains of SF-36 except pain, Energy/Fatigue, and General health QoL. A total of 175 respondents out of 211 mentioned that they had better health now as compared to a year ago.
Conclusion: There was a marked decrease in the quality of life of the undergraduate students taking online classes in private Universities of Lahore. Other than Social functioning domain of SF36 both the gender was equally affected by the COVID-19 lockdown in term of QoL which showed no significant gender dependent difference.

Key words: COVID-19, lockdown, online classes, quality of life.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Asif MM, Khokhar IA, Khan MM, Javed MA. Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students.


Web Style

Asif MM, Khokhar IA, Khan MM, Javed MA. Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=116388 [Access: March 16, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Asif MM, Khokhar IA, Khan MM, Javed MA. Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Asif MM, Khokhar IA, Khan MM, Javed MA. Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students.



Harvard Style

Asif, M. M., Khokhar, . I. A., Khan, . M. M. & Javed, . M. A. (2021) Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students.



Turabian Style

Asif, Mohammad Musa, Ismail Anwar Khokhar, Muhammad Mashhood Khan, and Muhammad Asbar Javed. 2021. Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students.



Chicago Style

Asif, Mohammad Musa, Ismail Anwar Khokhar, Muhammad Mashhood Khan, and Muhammad Asbar Javed. "Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Asif, Mohammad Musa, Ismail Anwar Khokhar, Muhammad Mashhood Khan, and Muhammad Asbar Javed. "Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Asif, M. M., Khokhar, . I. A., Khan, . M. M. & Javed, . M. A. (2021) Effect of COVID-19 lockdown and online education on health related quality of life in private university students.








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