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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 846-849


Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis

Namra Anees, Aruba Saeed, Huma Riaz, Fizah Mahnoor Khan.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the risk of the locomotive syndrome with knee osteoarthritis grades and different factors.
Methodology: This pilot study was conducted in Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi from March to June 2018 and included 30 patients through Non-probability sampling technique. Inclusion criteria were both gender of age 45-65 years having grade II, III knee osteoarthritis and knee pain on most days of the past month with average pain severity of >4 on an 11 point numerical rating scale. Risk of the locomotive syndrome in these patients was assessed through 25- Risk Questionnaire, Two-Step Test and Stand up Test. Data were analyzed on SPSS version 21.
Results: Mean age was 49.53.44 years. Odds ratios showed that locomotive risk increased with Grade III osteoarthritis as compared to Grade II with odds ratios test of 25 Risk questionnaires 5.6, two-step test 9.3 and Stand up test 8.3. P-value for gender and socioeconomic status was less than 0.05.
Conclusion: Risk of Locomotive Syndrome is high with grade III knee osteoarthritis as compare to grade II.

Key words: Knee osteoarthritis, locomotive syndrome, stand-up test.


 
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Pubmed Style

Anees N, Saeed A, Riaz H, Khan FM. Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 846-849.


Web Style

Anees N, Saeed A, Riaz H, Khan FM. Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=112703 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Anees N, Saeed A, Riaz H, Khan FM. Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 846-849.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Anees N, Saeed A, Riaz H, Khan FM. Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 846-849.



Harvard Style

Anees, N., Saeed, . A., Riaz, . H. & Khan, . F. M. (2020) Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. RMJ, 45 (4), 846-849.



Turabian Style

Anees, Namra, Aruba Saeed, Huma Riaz, and Fizah Mahnoor Khan. 2020. Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 846-849.



Chicago Style

Anees, Namra, Aruba Saeed, Huma Riaz, and Fizah Mahnoor Khan. "Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 846-849.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Anees, Namra, Aruba Saeed, Huma Riaz, and Fizah Mahnoor Khan. "Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 846-849. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Anees, N., Saeed, . A., Riaz, . H. & Khan, . F. M. (2020) Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 846-849.








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