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Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital

Marrium Shakil, Darakhshan M Saleem, Afshan Zafar, Ahmed Ali, Mariam Raziq, Sarmad Shams.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the clinical and hematological parameters in patients of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Rheumatology, Baqai Hospital, Karachi from November 2019 to February 2020. A total number of 111 rheumatoid arthritis patients of both genders were enrolled according to ACR/EULAR criteria 2019. A Questionnaire comprising of patientís medical history, sign and symptoms, biophysical and biochemical parameters including age, BMI, ESR, Hemoglobin, RA factor, Anti CCP and SGPT, morning stiffness, swelling of joints, redness at joints, joint pain and fatigue was filled. Data were collected from patients records and analyzed by independent sample t-test using SPSS version 18 with significance at p<0.05.
Results: Out of 111 rheumatic patients, 86(77.4%) were females and 25(22.5%) males with the mean age 47.8Ī13.63. The levels of ESR, Anti CCP, RA factor and SGPT were significantly increased in both genders. All patients exhibited low hemoglobin levels.
Conclusion: Rheumatoid arthritis are at high risk of anemia with liver dysfunction. It is suggested that treatment options in them should be examined carefully with consideration of the complete patient profile.

Key words: Rheumatoid arthritis, liver disorder, low hemoglobin.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shakil M, Saleem DM, Zafar A, Ali A, Raziq M, Shams S. Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 45-47.


Web Style

Shakil M, Saleem DM, Zafar A, Ali A, Raziq M, Shams S. Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=104875 [Access: March 19, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shakil M, Saleem DM, Zafar A, Ali A, Raziq M, Shams S. Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 45-47.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shakil M, Saleem DM, Zafar A, Ali A, Raziq M, Shams S. Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ. (2021), [cited March 19, 2021]; 46(1): 45-47.



Harvard Style

Shakil, M., Saleem, . D. M., Zafar, . A., Ali, . A., Raziq, . M. & Shams, . S. (2021) Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. RMJ, 46 (1), 45-47.



Turabian Style

Shakil, Marrium, Darakhshan M Saleem, Afshan Zafar, Ahmed Ali, Mariam Raziq, and Sarmad Shams. 2021. Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 45-47.



Chicago Style

Shakil, Marrium, Darakhshan M Saleem, Afshan Zafar, Ahmed Ali, Mariam Raziq, and Sarmad Shams. "Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 45-47.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shakil, Marrium, Darakhshan M Saleem, Afshan Zafar, Ahmed Ali, Mariam Raziq, and Sarmad Shams. "Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital." Rawal Medical Journal 46.1 (2021), 45-47. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shakil, M., Saleem, . D. M., Zafar, . A., Ali, . A., Raziq, . M. & Shams, . S. (2021) Clinical and hematological parameters in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis in a tertiary care hospital. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 45-47.








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